Overactive bladder is a condition were an individual has the sensation of constant bladder fullness and desire to empty her bladder that interferes with her daily activity. OAB causes frequent urination, can happen day or night and does not have to be associated with leakage of urine. The feeling of irritation and fullness with urination is usually constant as the condition worsens.
Diagnosis can be made by a full evaluation and excluding other etiology such as kidney stone and bladder cancer.
Management of overactive bladder often begins with behavioral strategies, such as fluid management and pelvic exercise routines. Eliminating certain foods and liquids from the diet is helpful. Other options including medication and same day procedures to eliminate the sensation can also be very effective in treating this condition.
This condition is common in young women without a history of bladder problems, sometimes starts with a bad vaginal or bladder infection that is not treated properly and can be associated with pain during intercourse.
Successful treatment requires a patient and methodical approach that returns the calm sensation to bladder.